## How to Create a Delicious Ukrainian Food Buffet in Adobe Illustrator

Today, I want to share a little bit about where I am from: Ukraine. We are not part of Russia, as many people think—we are an independent country with an official language, Ukrainian. Ukraine is the biggest country in Europe. The people are very generous and hospitable, and we will first feed the guests and then ask questions!
A couple of the most famous Ukrainian cuisines are borshch (beetroot soup), and varenyks (stuffed dumplings). In this tutorial, you will learn how to draw varenyks with sour cream, another piece of Ukrainian food, and a few national symbols. We will use basic shapes and warp effects. At the end of the process, we will have a nice tasty illustration and very hungry illustrators!
Open your Adobe Illustrator and create a new document (Control-N). We will first create an original Ukrainian bowl called a "makitra". Take the Ellipse Tool (L) and draw an ellipse. Set its color to R=96 G=47 B=45. Take the Direct Selection Tool (A) and select the left and right anchor points, and then move them up.

Holding the Alt key, move this shape diagonally. Make another copy of the shape created in the previous step and, holding the Shift key, select also the shape you moved up and diagonally. Go to the Pathfinder panel (Window > Pathfinder) and press Minus Front. Color the resulting shape R=73 G=36 B=36.

Return to R=96 G=47 B=45 fill color and draw a little ellipse on the bottom. Send it to the back (Control-X, Control-B). Make the fill color lighter R=107 G=55 B=55 and draw a small ellipse as shown in the image below.

Return again to R=96 G=47 B=45 fill color and draw an ellipse on the top. Create a copy over it (Control-C, Control-F), and make this copy smaller and darker (R=53 G=30 B=30).

Using the Rectangle Tool (M) we will draw a bottle neck. Keep it selected and go toEffect > Warp > Bulge, and enter the options shown in the image. Expand this shape (Object > Expand Appearance).

Look carefully at the image below. Draw an ellipse as shown in this image, and set the fill color to R=73 G=36 B=36. Then select the bottle neck and make one more copy of it (Control-C, Control-F). Keeping the copy selected, select the ellipse which you created at the start of this step. Press the Intersect button in Pathfinder.

Change the fill color to R=231 G=216 B=172 and draw an ellipse. Now we need to warp this shape to make it more like a varenyk. Go to Effect > Warp > Arc and enter the options you see in the image below. Expand this shape (Object > Expand Appearance).

To show the volume, create two more copies of this shape by copying-pasting. For the smaller shape, set the fill color to R=234 G=221 B=182, and for the smallest, set it to R=237 G=225 B=192.

Select the biggest shape and make a copy in the back. Change the color to R=218 G=199 B=146. Move it up. Then go to Effect > Distort & Transform > Zig Zag...Enter the following options.

Expand this shape. Make a copy of the main varenyk shape by copying-pasting. Change the fill color to R=224 G=208 B=163 and make it smaller. Then make few more copies and spread them as shown below.

Using the Ellipse Tool (L), draw an ellipse (R=203 G=180 B=115). Using the Direct Selection Tool (A), select the top and bottom anchor points and move them down. It's another way to warp the ellipse, without using the Warp Effect.

Make a few copies of the shape you made in the previous step and place the copies as shown in the image. Group the whole varenyk (right-click > Group).

Create more varenyks and place them in the makitra.

Select the darkest ellipse on the top of the makitra and make another copy over it (Control-C, Control-F). I marked this ellipse with a red stroke for better visibility.

With the help of the Direct Selection Tool (A), shift the top anchor point up. This anchor point needs to be higher than all the varenyks, and make sure you don't cross them.

Select the varenyks and keep the selected ellipse with a red stroke. Then go toObject > Clipping Mask > Make. Now the food is inside the makitra!

Next, we will create a plate. Draw an ellipse (R=77 G=91 B=85). Using the Direct Selection Tool (A), select the left and right anchor points and move them up.

Add an ellipse (R=89 G=106 B=99) on the bottom and over the plate (R=96 G=109 B=103).

Add two more ellipses on the top of the plate: the bigger one should be R=89 G=106 B=99, and the smaller one R=65 G=76 B=71.

And now we need to put the varenyks on the plate. We will do it in the same method as we did with the makitra.
So place a few of the varenyks on the plate. Select the darkest ellipse on the top of the plate and make another copy over it (Control-C, Control-F). Shift the top anchor point of this ellipse up. Keep this ellipse selected along with varenyks, and go toObject > Clipping Mask > Make.

Let's create bacon bits. We will start with two squares first (the bigger one  R=187 G=83 B=39, and the smaller one R=158 G=61 B=27). Go to Effect > Distort and Transform > Roughen and enter the properties using your own discretion—just check Smooth in the Points section. Click OK. Expand the two shapes (Object > Expand Appearance).
Create a few more of the bacon bits and then expand them (Object > Expand Appearance).

Sprinkle the bacon bits over the varenyks.

We have a plate made, and now we need a spoon. Move the top and bottom anchor points of the ellipse down (fill color R=77 G=91 B=85). Add a darker ellipse (R=60 G=73 B=67).

Keep the fill color at R=77 G=91 B=85 and draw a rectangle. Enter the following properties to warp this shape (Effect > Warp > Flag). Then expand this shape.

Draw another ellipse, go to Effect > Warp > Arc, and enter the properties shown in the image below. Expand this shape.

Place all the parts together. The spoon is ready.

Draw a rectangle (R=208 G=154 B=62). Enter the following properties to warp this shape (Effect > Warp > Fish). Then expand this shape.

Let's warp again. Effect > Warp > Arc Lower.

Move the highlighted point on the image a little to the right. We want to show the spout of the pitcher. Also add an ellipse under the pitcher with the same fill color.

Create an ellipse (R=208 G=154 B=62). Using the Convert Anchor Point Tool (Shift-C) make the right anchor point of this ellipse sharp. Select the top and bottom anchor points and move them to the left. Then create another copy of this shape over it (Control-C, Control-F), but smaller. The fill color is R=147 G=98 B=27.

Draw an ellipse (R=246 G=229 B=195) over the previously created shapes. Place it exactly like in the image below. Create one more copy of the darkest yellow shape (Control-C, Control-F) and select it together with a new beige ellipse. In thePathfinder, press the Intersect button.
And now we need to show the streaks of sour cream. Double-click on the Warp Tool (Shift-R) and adjust the options. Enter Width 30, Height 30, Angle 0 degrees, Intensity 80, Detail 1, Simplify 100, and tick Show Brush Size. Then, using theWarp Tool (Shift-R), warp this sour cream to show the streaks on the pitcher.

Using the Direct Selection Tool (A), try to move the handles of the pitcher to make both sides more even.

Make a copy of the sharp corner ellipse under it (Control-C, Control-B), and set the fill color to R=186 G=130 B=49. Make one more copy of the pitcher (Control-C, Control-F), and while keeping it selected, select also the copy of the sharp corner ellipse. In Pathfinder press Intersect.

Select the pitcher shape and, holding the Alt key, move it diagonally. Make one more copy of the pitcher (Control-C, Control-F) and select the copy you moved diagonally. In Pathfinder, press Minus Front. For the new shape set the fill color to R=186 G=130 B=49. Using the Convert Anchor Point Tool (Shift-C), make the sharp corner marked in the image smooth. Add the highlight (R=219 G=169 B=97).

Create two circles with the same fill color as the pitcher. You do not need to make a black stroke for the circle—I marked it just for better visibility. Keep them selected and on the Pathfinder panel press the Exclude button. After that, go to Effect > Warp > Arc and enter the properties you see in the image below. Expand this shape.

Place all the parts of the pitcher together.

Move down the two (left and right) anchor points of the ellipse (R=226 G=216 B=191). Create another copy in front (Control-C, Control-F) and make it narrower. Then select this narrow ellipse and make a copy of it in the back (Control-C, Control-B). Make the new copy a little bit wider, and make it darker (R=226 G=216 B=191).

Create another ellipse and deform it using the Direct Selection Tool (A). Then choose the Reflect Tool (O), and click on the Enter key. In the newly appeared window check VerticalAngle 90 degrees and click Copy. Place the two parts as shown.

Place these two elements on the garlic. Then delete the fill color and set this color as a stroke. Take the Pencil Tool (N), on the Stroke panel check Round Cap, and draw the garlic roots. The Weight of the Stroke depends on the size of the garlic.

Three long ellipses will be the garlic leaves. Warp them as you want by using theWarp Effect Arc. Then expand the three leaves.

Place on top of the garlic.

Create another copy of the garlic. Keep one copy selected and go to Edit > Edit Colors > Saturate. Check Preview in the new dialogue window and move the slider to achieve the result you want.

Delete the fill color and set the stroke color to R=96 G=47 B=45. On the Strokepanel make the stroke Weight 30 px, and check Round Cap. Take the Arc Tooland draw a line. You can move the handles of the line to achieve the desired result. Return again to the Stroke panel. Now check Dashed Line, in the first dash box enter 30 px and look at your line—it turned into a sausage! Make a copy in the front, make the stroke color lighter (R=107 G=55 B=55) and decrease the stroke Weight.

Delete the stroke color and set it as a fill color. Take the Polygon Tool and click on your art board. In a new window, enter 3 Sides with any Radius and press OK. Warp this triangle using the Warp Effect. Expand it.

Create two triangles and place them on the sausage. Then draw two tiny ellipses (R=214 G=208 B=189) and place them as you can see in the following image.

Draw two circles (R=172 G=31 B=35R=183 G=48 B=58).

Let's create a sepal (the base of the berry) from a brown oval (R=73 G=36 B=36). You will need to get sharp corners with the help of the Convert Anchor Point Tool (Shift-C). Click on the top and bottom anchor points. Keep the ellipse selected and take the Rotate Tool (R). Click the Enter key on your keyboard to bring up the dialogue box. Enter 90 degrees and press Copy.

Put all the parts of berry together.

Again, draw an ellipse (R=109 G=106 B=44) and make sharp corners on the top and bottom. Create a leaf from the ellipses with the sharp corners.

Make the fill color darker and draw an ellipse (R=86 G=82 B=34). Then move down the left and right anchor points. That's a petiole. Now put it on the leaf.

Arrange the berries and leaves how you like. You can also slightly change the color of some berries.

Let’s warp some leaves. Now you know how to do it.

Now we will create the stem of spikelet with the same technique as you used for the petiole of the leaf. The fill color is R=223 G=187 B=36.

To create the grain, first draw an ellipse (R=237 G=203 B=72). Then make the top and bottom anchor points sharp. After that, holding the Alt key, move it diagonally and you will get a copy of the grain. Create a shadow of the grain; keep it selected (not the copy you moved diagonally), press Control-CControl-F, and then select the copy you moved diagonally and in Pathfinder press Minus Front. Set the fill color to R=223 G=187 B=36. Add a highlight (R=249 G=215 B=105).

Place the grain on this stem. With help of the Arc Tool, draw the line as shown in the image. Don't forget to check Round Cap on the Stroke panel. Select a grain and this line together. Move the grain and line to the top, holding Shift-Alt. Then keep repeating (Control-D will repeat the last movement). When you reach the top, place one grain on the top. Then select everything from the left side and make a vertical reflection using the Reflect Tool (O).

Create a few copies of the spikelet and warp them. Then expand the spikelets.

Place everything together. Before placing, it would be better to group every object.

Create a gray (R=198 G=205 B=201) square behind (Control-X, Control-B) the dishes, 600 px width and height.

Add a darker oval (R=160 G=175 B=166).

You’ve created a Ukrainian feast! Now you just have to try real Ukrainian food at a restaurant.

### TDasany

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